Non-adherence to medications is a growing concern among health care providers and payers as this is associated with adverse outcomes and consequently higher healthcare costs. Several factors contribute to non-adherence; the significant issues as identified by the World Health Organization are outlined here.
Complexity of the medication regimen is a key factor contributing to non-adherence. This includes the inability of patients to understand how and when to take a particular drug. Reduced cognitive functioning (especially for the elderly patients or patients with mental disorders) and a long or complicated medication list (e.g., multiple doses a day) can make medication planning and adherence a daunting task.
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